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Glossary of terms used on this site

There are 164 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition
Sustainability Appraisal

Sustainability Appraisal assesses the economic, environmental and social impacts of a proposed policy or plan, to ensure that it would contribute to achieving sustainable development. Development Plan Documents (DPDs) have to undergo Sustainability Appraisal, but Supplementary Planning Documents (SPDs) do not.

Sustainable Community Strategy

Sustainable Community Strategies are prepared for every local authority area. These provide a strategy for promoting or improving the economic, social and environmental well-being of their area and contributing to the achievement of sustainable development. They set out the issues which are important to local people, and how they might be tackled, to move towards a ‘vision’ of how the place should be in the future.

Sustainable development

That tries to make sure people satisfy their basic needs and enjoy a good quality of life without compromising the quality of life for future generations. The Government will try to achieve that through five principles. These principles being,living within environmental limits, ensuring a strong, healthy and just society achieving a sustainable economy promoting good governance and using sound science responsibly.

Targeted programme of improvements

The Highway Agency's programme of investment in improvements to the trunk road and motorway road network. The programme comprise of a number of major schemes, each costing more than £5 million, funded either conventionally or by public-private partnership.

Ten-year transport plan

Launched by the Government in July 2000, this plan set out the Government's policy priorities and spending for transport - road, rail and local transport - up to 2010. In July 2004, the Government updated and extended the plan with a white paper called The Future of Transport.

Town and Country Planning Act 1990

The Town and Country Planning Act 1990 is the chief piece of primary planning legislation. Much of the 1990 Act has been amended by the Planning & Compulsory Purchase Act 2004, and changes have also been made by the Planning Act 2008 and the Localism Act 2011. It remains, however, the key legal reference point for planning.

Trunk roads

The strategic highways which link cities, towns, ports and airports. Most motorways and some "A" roads are trunk roads. The secretary of state for transport is the highway authority responsible for maintaining and operating the trunk road network.

Unitary authority

Unitary authorities combine the functions of county and district councils. This provides a one-tier, or where parish or town councils exist a two-tier, structure of local authority in England. The responsibilities of unitary authorities include registering births, marriages and deaths, waste collection and disposal, social services, and provision of social housing.

Unitary Development Plan

Plans prepared in London and other unitary areas which formed the single development plan for the local authorities which produced them. The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 replaced Unitary Development Plans with a new style Local Plan (sometimes known as a Local Development Framework).

Urban fringe

Predominantly open land on the edge of a settlement.

Urban regeneration

The re-use or redevelopment of decaying, run-down or underused parts of urban areas, with the intention of bringing them new life and economic vitality.

Village envelope

Boundaries on a map, usually set out in the local development plan, beyond which the local planning authority proposes that a village should not be allowed to extend.

Ward councillor

The subdivisions of a local authority area are known as ‘wards’. A ward councillor is a person elected in local elections to represent a particular ward. It is very common for one ward to be represented by more than one councillor. Ward councillors are responsible for ensuring that the interests of all of the residents in their ward are represented at local authority level.

Waste planning authority

The body responsible for the disposal and reuse of waste in its county council or metropolitan district.

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