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Term Definition
National Parks

A National Park is a designation attaching to land in nine areas of England, and three in Wales. The two statutory purposes of this designation are (1) to conserve and enhance the natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage of their areas; and (2) to promote opportunities for the public understanding and enjoyment of the special qualities of their areas. If there is a conflict between the two, conservation takes precedence (the 'Sandford' principle). In carrying out these two main responsibilities, the National Park Authority also has a duty to seek to foster the social and economic well-being of local communities without incurring significant expenditure.